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We having been providing physiotherapy for the people of Gachibowli / Kondapur / Indra Nagar / Telecom Nagar / Anjiah Nagar / Ramky / L&T / NCC / APHB Colony since 2011.


 

Neck is the one of the most flexible and complex part of skeletal system with mobility towards various direction by carrying the weight of the head against the gravity. This is enabled by seven segments of cervical vertebras and various muscles attached on it and skull and it also provides openings for nerve system which supplies the upper limb.
The complexity and mobility of the neck also make it susceptible to injuries and pain. Recent research on neck pain has found that sedentary and stressful life style is the leading cause of neck pain.


Neck Pain Causes
Neck pain may originate from any of the structures in the neck. These include soft-tissues (muscles and ligaments), nerves, spinal vertebrae and their cushioning discs.
Neck pain may also be caused by parts near the neck like the head, jaw, shoulders and upper arms.


Soft-Tissue Abnormalities
The most common cause of neck pain is the soft-tissue abnormalities due to injuries and frequent, awkward neck postures. Such abnormalities include muscle shortening, muscle spasm, cervical myofacial tightness, trigger-point formations and dysfunctional cervical joints.


Nerves
Nerves can be injured at different levels of the neck supporting structures. Cervical vertebral or disc problem can affect the nerves at root level; Muscular tightness or spasm can affect the nerves during their course to upper limb.

 

Spinal Vertebrae and Discs
Degenerative changes of the vertebras (cervical spondylitis) can also cause neck pain and inflammation. Such changes may compress the nerves in the foramen, causing irritation of the nerves and serious neck pain (radiculopathy). It radiates down to the hand.


Prolapsed and degenerated intervertebral / cushioning discs can also generate cervical radiculopathy. The degenerated discs become less hydrated, resulting in decreased disc elasticity and height. Such characteristics narrow the spaces for the nerves that branch out from the cervical vertebrae and cause neck pain.


Spinal abnormalities like enlarged transverse process of the vertebrae (cervical rib) can also generate cervical radiculopathy.


Head, Jaw, Shoulders and Arms
Chronic head ache due to stress, migraine, sinusitis or upper cervical vertebral dysfunction lead to severe neck muscle spasm, myofacial tightness and trigger point formation. All of these cause severe neck pain.
Temporomandibular joints (TMJ) dysfunction and spasmodic temporal muscles also lead to neck muscle spasm and myofacial tightens and trigger point formation.


Injuries on the shoulder region also case neck pain, as most of the neck muscles have attachments to the shoulders.

 

Occupational Neck Pain
Neck pain has become very common with certain jobs where person need to use his neck in awkward posture for long time like computer professional, surgeons, dentist, pilots, drivers, writers, students etc.
Over use of the neck, sometimes not only create injury to soft tissues but also stress on the muscles. Injury of soft tissue leads to pain and inflammation which will activate spinal reflex mechanism and result protective muscular contraction (spasm).


Excessive stress on neck muscles will lead to spasm, fatigue, accumulation of pain stimulating chemicals like lactic acid and trigger point formation on the muscles. Sometimes patient may need to hold their neck in abnormal posture to avoid pain which in turn lead to shortening of the muscles. In both the cases, pain due to spasm and spasm due to pain make the patient stop using their muscles for desired actions, instead some other muscles or compensatory motion takes place. This gives excess load to unwanted muscles due to which this muscle goes for same reaction which affects the muscle one by and the person may land with serious neck pain. The diagnosis will focus on usual terminology like spondylosis , disc herniation or spondylitis. The person may either end up on strong medication or surgery. But the neck pain caused by occupational hazards does not require such treatment procedure. It is very important to seek attention at the earliest to fix the neck pain.


Physion Holistic Therapy (PHT) for Neck Pain
PHT effectively treats back pain that has a musculoskeletal or neurological origin. The neck pain specialist of our clinic focus on the symptoms and causes and give complete remedies.